The pheasant is a wild bird, provided that it does is r quite rustic, ie has a great capacity to adapt to adverse conditions, especially weather. However, when it comes to commercial exploitation of pheasants, the main points of importance are performance (meat, eggs, feathers, etc.) and quality aspects that are closely linked to both reproductive management and making sure you get the proper feed for what pheasants eat.
In Chile, there are not many centers pheasant farm, which translates as a very attractive alternative production from technically and economically. Technically, there is very little information about raising pheasants in Chile, so it is interesting to gain more experience to integrate this type of production to the poultry industry in the country. From the economic point of view, the pheasant is a bird considered elite, so it is not uncommon to find meat dishes gracing the finest hotels and upscale restaurants. Clearly we are not talking about a bird consumer because its price is not available to sectors with fewer resources. However, its operation is not unattainable because it does not require large costs.
By the fact of being a rather rustic species, pheasant is not very demanding requirements, which greatly facilitates handling.
Every day, people are opting for a healthier diet, which has accommodated the production and exploitation of animal species with characteristics of low-cholesterol, which a few years ago were not widespread, such as turkey, and now the ostrich. In this sense, the pheasant is an excellent alternative supply since its meat also has a very low percentage of cholesterol, like eggs.
Unlike other birds such as hen, pheasant addition to being a bird for meat production it is also highly prized as ornamental, so it is not uncommon to find embalmed birds or how pets. In almost all species of pheasant, the most quoted as ornamental is the male, for the beauty of their plumage, which is very colorful in some species. In addition, it is also highly sought by sport hunting clubs.
Some of the species listed as ornamentals are some that I show below:
Pheasant Dorado (Chrisolophus pictus) : It is one of the most renowned for their beautiful plumage and various color mutations. Chile is one of the species listed as ornamentals.
Pheasant Lady (Chrisolophus amherstiae) : Characterized by its elegant and majestic appearance. In addition, po see one of the longest tails, along with the revered pheasant. It is considered one of the most beautiful.
Venerated pheasant (Syrmaticus reevesi) : It is characterized by its huge tail, her beautiful colorful and aggressiveness.
Silver Pheasant (silver pheasant) : It is one of the most sought after for their beauty. It is not rare to see represented in works of Chinese art. It is characterized by a beautiful white in contrast with black and red plumage its crest.
Pheasant Mongolian or necklace (Phasianus colchicus) : Although it is more suitable for meat, the male is also important as an ornamental bird. It is also common use for sport hunting.
To start a commercial breeding of pheasants, take into account various technical aspects, as I mention below:
As already mentioned, the pheasant is a pretty rustic bird, which makes it much easier handling, and contrary to what many may think, I dare say it is less delicate than a chicken.
As a first step, you should build the necessary infrastructure for breeding. This should possess the following characteristics:
- Cages should be closed by both sides and the roof to prevent pheasant chicks from flying.
- There should be feeders and waterers, located at the neck of the bird to prevent dirty food or water.
- There should be special cages for breeding birds, since in the mating season (August – February), the best thing is to put 1 male for every three to five females in separate cages (cages coverage).
- Cages or pens should be constructed with such an orientation as to avoid direct action of rain and wind on the birds.
- It must have a brooder machine, or a room with heating, to remain chicks until about 40 days before being put on the floor.
- While the female can cover their eggs, it is best to have an incubator.
- Final cages should consider a minimum clearance of 2 m2 (hopefully more) per bird. This is very important because wild pheasant is a bird that is easily disturbed and stressed to be very enclosed, which translates into pecking and cannibalism, especially in mating season.